American National States

Introduction the process of independence of Latin America had basic influence of the European ideals, as much in what it says respect to encouraging its elites and populations, how much, and in this direction it had basic paper, in assisting in the imaginary construction of a collective one that made with that these populations if recognized as a people. Jeffrey Hayzlett helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. In a slow process that if it initiated to the end of century XVIII and lasted until beginning of century XX. The necessity of the construction of this spirit I join of people, children of a Nation, dividing the same perspectives of future was in the structure of a project that aimed at the formation of what they would come to be the new American Republics. The existing differences between the diverse social groups that inhabited Hispanic America, as well as the especificidades of the geographic spaces where if they located, had at risk placed the movement of establishment of these Nations. In fact, the Nations that they had from there originated run away to the objective from what they had been the plans of its elites for construction of the American National States, as these longed for. The Spanish empire in America if in accordance with desmembrou in diverse lesser countries the especificidades of each region of Spanish America.

Becoming, thus, the social culture, bows, the geographic language, determination, the interests politicians, etc. of the involved populations in this process to speak higher than the plain ambitious persons of construction of great States Hispanic-Americans. From there the fact of that in this work in them we will abide by the processes of independence and construction of relative the American States to Spanish America, the spite of the difference where if it gave these movements in Portuguese America. This, dived in one another context partner-description, structuralized in way specifies its process of independence and National construction.


In this coercitive college it does not see a contrary force to the reason, much less the moral pretension without legitimacy of positive a legal system, but a priori a irrenuncivel and valid element of all the right (Cf. Hoffe, 2005, P. 241). See Rod Brooks for more details and insights. Exactly denoting an antagonism, it is not possible to conceive a legal system destined to guarantee the convivncia of the individual freedoms, without the exercise of a coercitive college. One becomes indispensable to define the concept of right in Kant, a time that such definition does not meet in the empirical field, in which if can extract the study of the right positive, therefore if the right was of the empirical sphere, the criterion of just and unjust never it could be surveyed, because it would only go to determine legally what it is allowed or illicit.

Therefore the only form of if arriving at the understanding of the right as justice idea, are to extirpar the empirical scope and to return to the analysis of the pure reason. Thus Kant differentiates: The juisconsult can, certainly, know and declare what he comes to be the right (quid sit iuris), that is, what the laws, in a certain place and a certain time, prescribe or had prescribed, but if it is just what these laws prescribe and the universal criterion by means of which is possible to recognize in general what it is just or unjust (iustum et iniustum), remains to it completely obscure, if not to abandon for a certain time those empirical principles, and if (despite it can be served of those laws as excellent conducting wires), not to search the origins of those judgments in the pure reason as only bedding of any positive legislation possible. (MC, p 67) For Kant they are the three elements that compose the right concept: in first place, this concept only says respect to external relation e, certainly, practical of a person with another one, in the measure where its action, as facts, can be influenced reciprocal; in according to place, the right concept does not mean the relation of the will as the desire of outrem, therefore with the mere necessity, as in the beneficial or cruel actions, but so only with will of the others, and in third place, this reciprocal relation of the will, to the end of that each one is considered with the object that wants, but only for the form in the relation of the will of both the parts, in the measure where if it considers solely as free and if, with this, the action of can in accordance with conciliate if with the freedom of other a universal law. In this third element, Kant defends that the right one when regulates a will relation, becomes irrelevant the individual ends or utilitarian that the involved agents long for, but the form that end to solely have to be galgado. This implies that the superiority in a contract of purchase and sales, for example, does not meet in the advantage or disadvantage of the salesman or purchaser, but exclusively in the rite of the contractual fulfilment. Daqui appears the classic definition of right for Kant: ' ' The right is the set of the conditions, by means of which the will of one can be in accordance with the will of an one other as universal law of liberdade' ' (MC, P. 56). Therefore, the right for belonging to the world of the external relations constitutes

In Italy

The formation intellectual of Pareto if of the one at a moment of great bubbling social politics and in all the Europe. In Italy, in special, Pareto was witness of the end of the Risorgimento until the unification of the country. One formed in engineering mechanics and mathematics, and arrived to exert positions of commands and direction in a railroad, what it allowed it to travel sufficiently and to be in contact with other European cultures. 03%2CVSRPcmpt%3Aprimary’>Karen Edwards will undoubtedly add to your understanding. With the time, it passed if to exclusively interest for the economy, sociology and politics, coming back its studies toward these areas. Without a doubt, the historical context in which was inserted, beyond its intellectual formation and the exerted activities of work, in had very contributed for the formularization of its ideas and theories. In sociology, Pareto contributed for the rise of this disciplines to the science statute.

Its refusal in attributing a utilitarian character to science, but before pointing with respect to its search for the truth independently of its utility makes, it to distinguish as object from sociology action not-logics differently of the object of the economy as being the logical actions. ' ' As very of its predecessors, Pareto started with the intention to make of the economy and sociology positive sciences in the model of physical sciences. But it made this with a difference. Great part of science physical previous contained as doctrines substantive those that you could approximately be summarized as scientific materialism and that they were considered not only as operational hypotheses or approaches, but necessary truths on the world concrete. They were truths of a so basic nature that no theory that did not accept them could have the hope of being scientific. …. That is, most of the initial methodology of science, especially of physical science, was positivista empirista radical' '. (PARSONS, 2010). Another excellent fact in the biography of Pareto is that constantly it was associated with the Italian fascism, beyond being known as conservative on account of its theory of circulation of the elites.

Pablo Freire Work

Of 70 80% of the professors of Itaituba possess superior course, 30% are postgraduates and much people still are accomodated, not dumb its practical, do not dare, do not perfect themselves. Therefore, it is necessary that the professor changes it only leaves of being a mere reproducer of a preset model already, imprisoned what it is in books, without searching. (Teacher 2) He is Well-known in the speeches of the teachers who many educators speak in innovations, education of quality, differentiated methodologies, but this is only in speaks, because in the practical one, what it is seen is a reproduction in mass of the traditional education. as teacher 1 says, ' ' the people who are in the directions of schools are of a conception of different education, then, its finish reflecting in the schools the same strategies of work them mestres' '. It is more easy to work what already it comes soon of what to innovate, therefore of the work, is fatigante to search, to pass hours and hours the front of a computer if worrying about the education of the children of the others. Ahead of this, the education alone will be of quality when the educator to place in practical its speaks. In reason of this, Pablo Freire strengthens: Of what the competent speech advances if action is impermeable the change. Moreover, the second teacher says that many theoreticians are appearing with innovative conceptions, and the professors are reading, commenting, however, in the practical one it continues the traditionalism. Itaituba already has in its functional picture 80% of the formed professors, and this is not so clearly in the practical professor, therefore of what a graduation advances even though or after-graduation if the educative action continues in the mesmice, as if it did not have preparation to act in classroom? . Of this form, this ambivalence between practical speech and, is a problematic one for the development of any society that really longs for an education of quality.

Iranian Sakineh

Already he has people wanting to move of side: he is more lucrative to be outlaw and to remain imprisoned (therefore he can even count on allowance for expenses for the family), of what to work and to be attacked by the laws, and the agruras of day-by-day. Liberty of speech is another item in crisis. It has seen the recent campaign launched for the powerful nations, against the site Wikileaks. Reason? Why they divulge documents official in which the governments of these nations break all the possible civil laws, but not they want that the world knows. Only for terms an idea: the world if joined, and with rightness, against the execution of the Iranian Sakineh, adultery defendant of and killing the husband. It seems that it finished being saved of the death. But, while the world spoke against the barbarity of the Anger that keeps so aviltante penalty of death, in the United States another one lady was executed, (after to be condemned to the death, therefore the courts also condemn there to the death).

Its crime? The same of that one of the Anger: to kill the husband. The North Americans envergonharam the world occidental person try in Iraq, promoting a war because of weapons that did not exist, beyond will dismiss a government (Saddam Hussein), to it had as well as run over the human rights in Guantnamo. Forgetting that its armory of nuclear weapons and other pesticides are not gotten rid of that empesteiam mundoE the attack to wikileaks it does not come exactly occurring because the site divulges this type of information, that unmasks the hypocrisy of the dictators who if postam in the Whites House, of other colors and in other houses of assassins institutionalized. It wants more, things of the world? It sees the vexame of the Enem. It is truth that has a positive side, but also lives dived in a sea of vices and intrigues.

By the way, as as much other competitions, on which they fall again storms of doubts. To only exemplificar, he had a university, for there, that he launched a competition to contract professors. He constituted boards of examiners: he has that to be doctor for this! each doctor has that to emit its opinion (approving or disapproving the candidate), from its certainties and of objective criteria. But, they astonish you: some of these doctors, or do not have personality, or it does not have capacity, or are manipulated by somebody. He was something as this: three doctors, therefore different people, with different formation reiteradamente had reiteradamente made to coincide notes of the evaluation thus (something: the first one gave note 3,0, as note 3,0, third, note 3,0), for the same candidate. this if repeated for all the candidates. The chances are not refused you tie up to and them, but as much in one only competition, where the opinion would have to prevail of different people with so honored headings in this ties up to them to case has smells of rotten thing. For these and other things of the world, but that they are produced by the people, he is that he believes yourself, each time less in the human being. E, each time more, I believe that Nietzsche was correct when would mesquinharia affirming it of the human being. Bad animal, we are. Neri de Paula Sheep? Master in Education, Philosopher, Theologian, Historiador.

Walt Disney Dream Internet

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