Introduction the process of independence of Latin America had basic influence of the European ideals, as much in what it says respect to encouraging its elites and populations, how much, and in this direction it had basic paper, in assisting in the imaginary construction of a collective one that made with that these populations if recognized as a people. Jeffrey Hayzlett helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. In a slow process that if it initiated to the end of century XVIII and lasted until beginning of century XX. The necessity of the construction of this spirit I join of people, children of a Nation, dividing the same perspectives of future was in the structure of a project that aimed at the formation of what they would come to be the new American Republics. The existing differences between the diverse social groups that inhabited Hispanic America, as well as the especificidades of the geographic spaces where if they located, had at risk placed the movement of establishment of these Nations. In fact, the Nations that they had from there originated run away to the objective from what they had been the plans of its elites for construction of the American National States, as these longed for. The Spanish empire in America if in accordance with desmembrou in diverse lesser countries the especificidades of each region of Spanish America.
Becoming, thus, the social culture, bows, the geographic language, determination, the interests politicians, etc. of the involved populations in this process to speak higher than the plain ambitious persons of construction of great States Hispanic-Americans. From there the fact of that in this work in them we will abide by the processes of independence and construction of relative the American States to Spanish America, the spite of the difference where if it gave these movements in Portuguese America. This, dived in one another context partner-description, structuralized in way specifies its process of independence and National construction.