I am not only referring to scientific advances, but that I speak of all the political, social, cultural and economic changes arising from the discoveries of science. Biotechnology has advanced very rapidly and promises to continue to do so. In fact, large economies in the world and the emerging bet them biotechnological businesses. Countries like Taiwan plays him to biotechnology. In 1997, Taiwanese biotechnology companies were valued at 14.7 billion dollars; for 2005 the value was 80 billion dollars.
In Singapore, the multinational Swiss Lonza plans to develop about 20 drugs for diseases as accidents strokes, diabetes and heart disease. In New Zealand, for 2010, the biotechnology industry increased 25% compared to 2007. The most innovative sector segment was represented by food and human nutrition (which comprises 44% of enterprises), followed by drug discovery. Our neighbour Brazil, currently, It produces 25 billion litres of bioethanol per year, and expected increase that amount 150% in 2017. In Malaysia, which like Colombia is a country rich in tropical biodiversity and abundant natural resources, biotechnology has provided a differentiating factor for its investors, which focus on green technologies.
Colombia has timidly started to bet them on the biotechnology-based business, and Antioquia has advanced in the task. However, we must play him legislative instruments that favour this type of undertaking and give prominence to biotechnology in the solution of social problems. I am referring to projects in food security from biotech crops, that does not mean that they are genetically modified. Alternatives so that small and medium rural producers take ownership of plants propagated in vitro, as it is doing the Secretariat of productivity and competitiveness with the Biofactory. I speak of biopharmaceutical, that benefit the poorest people. Non-polluting the environment biofuels and low-cost facilitating inter-municipal transport. Skin grafts at prices much lower than the current ones, which serve for the transplant of the poorest people. In Uruguay, these layers of skin are developed thanks to biotechnology, allowing the recovery of children burned by stoves. Antidecubitus creams to prevent to tear the skin of people with disabilities and elderly people of scarce resources. Forms of cultivation in urban spaces, for displaced persons that arrive daily to the cities. New sources of animal feed, other than soybeans and corn for human consumption. We have about 84 research groups recognized by Colciencias. Jeffrey Hayzlett has much to offer in this field. It is important to capitalize on the developments of these groups and implement entrepreneurship in biotechnology business schemes. This requires open the panorama and know the models developed in other latitudes, different to the United States.UU.